10 Fruits & Vegetables You Can Plant Once – And They Will Keep Coming Back Every Year
People are mostly growing yearly plants, which are dying in the winter and they need to be replanted in the spring. On the other hand the perennials are growing back every year. In the following text you will read about the best and most tasteful perennial plants which you can grow in your plant.
Keep in mind that even though these plants are perennial they are requiring some conditions because not all of them can grow in the area where you live. Make sure you have checked the adaptation with the area where you live before planting the plants.
The lemon and the other similar citrus trees are growing in tropical or subtropical areas. High temperatures are required for the sweet citruses and the climate for them needs to be warmer, but the lemons and other sour citruses can be grown even in the cooler coastal areas, because they don’t require warm climate conditions.
The lemon tree needs to be planted in the spring, which is good because the plant will have enough time to establish itself before the winter arrives which can have impact on the tree’s growth. Find a place that is wide open on the sun and desiccates well for keeping the lemon tree. Fertilizing is required through the first year and the best fertilizer for the lemon tree is a citrus tree fertilizer which is rich with nitrogen.
2. Onion and Garlic
The onion and garlic are able to survive during the cold winter. You can plant garlic and onion cloves in the autumn and you will have green shots emerging in the spring. All you need to do is to leave several of them and they will bloom, and will divide bulbs of their own. The next year you will have crops once more.
The avocado tree can be found in the humid and semi humid tropical places. The best conditions for the avocado tree are those with temperately warm temperatures (60-70F) and temperately humidity.
When the tree is established well and grows firmly it is able to bear down temperatures to about 32-28F with minimal harm. The tree can provide you with fruits 3-4 years after planting. IF you are growing avocado tree from a seed, 5-13 years may past before you have your first fruit.
But avocado will provide you with many fruits for a long time. The Hass tree (1926) is growing and giving fruits even today. There are trees found in Mexico older than 400 years which are still giving fruits.
When it is 5 years old it can give up to 200 fruits. But the amount of crops the tree will give varies every year.
Radicchio which is also known as red chicory provides your garden and your dish with a beautiful color. The Italians are using it the most. Radicchio requires cooler climate and it grows well in spring and autumn. You can plant Radicchio in early spring.
If you like to have a crop in the autumn, you should plant it into the soil in the middle of the summer and keep it in cooler areas and early autumn in places with milder winters. This plant will require to be placed on the full sun while the weather is cooler. During the summer days, the plant will require the afternoon shade. When the plant is established firmly it can tolerate frost.
If you like to have better strawberries than the ones from the supermarkets which are picked unripe, you should plant some strawberries in your garden and pick them once they are ripe.
The strawberry plant is dying in the winter and begins with growing in the spring. Some kinds of strawberries are creating runners with baby plants at the tips. The runners are rooting near the mother plant, while they are still attached to it. Take off some of the runners in order to have more fruits.
Artichoke is considered as heirloom perennial plant. Its fine and eatable flower buds are the reason why it is grown. This plant can extend up to 6 feet across. You can grow it everywhere in the US, unless you are from Texas, Florida or other southern states where the summer days are extremely hot. The perfect conditions for artichoke are cool humid summers and milder winters.
If the climate in your area is colder than the Zone 8, than you will need to plant new plants every year.
This perennial plant provides us with fragrant seeds and turbid bulbs. The seeds can be used for spicing the food and the bulb can be eaten as a vegetable. The fennel bulb can be seen in many Mediterranean meals. They can be great addition in your salad or you can grill and roast them.
The fennel can survive the winters in the zones between 5 and 10. If you are using the bulbs the Florence fennel will be perfect.
The first sign of the spring are the asparagus shoots. They are emerging together with other perennial plants such as tulips and crocus.
Asparagus is continual plant that will grow in your garden every next year. You shouldn’t gather the asparagus. Every year you will need to leave many asparagus emerges in order to let them bloom and grow into the next year’s crop. In this way the plants can grow up to 30 years long.
Asparagus can be grown in every area, aside from the warmest areas like Zone 8 and higher. These warm zones are having milder winters which are preventing the plants from going fully dormant, which will lead to lack of strength and at the end they will decrease.
9. Sweet Potatoes
The sweet potatoes are growing very easy. They require warm and humid soil. You should plant the 12-19 inches away and leave 3 feet between the rows because the vines are requiring some space.
The rhubarb stalks can be seen in early spring. You can add vinegary and colorful stalks in pies and jams, sweet them with sugar or combine them with strawberries.
The leaves rhubarb are including plenty of oxalic acid and they are not recommended for eating. Gather the stalks, take of the leaves and place them in the crud pile.
This plant will do its best in the zones with colder winters where the soil freezes. Rhubarb needs longer chilling periods and temperature lower than 40 degrees. The zone 7 is the last growing zone for this plant.
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