During in-vitro fertilization or IVF, doctors can remove cells from parts of the embryo that will later become the placenta. The sampled cells are analyzed for abnormal chromosomes and genetic issues while the embryo is frozen. This process is known as preimplantation genetic testing (PGT). This is performed at a laboratory using IVF. 

Genetic Testing

Embryo cells can be tested to determine the presence of a gene that may produce a certain type of disease. The test will show whether or not the embryo has been affected by the disease. In addition, a karyotype can also be performed to check the embryo’s chromosomes. This is performed during a pregnancy to determine if the number of chromosomes a fetus has. Too many or too few chromosomes can result in disorders like Down syndrome. Also, this genetic testing can look for translocations of chromosomes that are out of order that can cause growth or function issues. A lot of embryos that have chromosomal abnormalities won’t result in pregnancy or lead to a miscarriage. When the embryo is not affected by a genetic disorder, it can be returned to the mother’s uterus.  

Benefits of PGT

The following are the benefits of choosing PGT:

  • Increased rate of implantation. Preimplantation genetic testing in Newport Beach reveals problems with genetic traits or chromosomal makeup. This makes it possible to pick a healthier embryo, which leads to improved pregnancy rates. 
  • Higher chances of pregnancy. PGT can identify possible birth defects, chromosomal arrangements, and inherited conditions. Getting this information before the transfer of an embryo will help in picking a healthier embryo. 
  • Reduced chances of miscarriage. Miscarriage may happen due to chromosomal problems or other genetic anomalies. Knowledge of these problems before transferring an embryo can help pick the perfect embryo. 
  • Single embryo transfer. PGT identifies the embryo that can be successfully implanted, resulting in a healthy baby. Single embryo transfer minimizes the chance of health complications usually associated with twin or triplet pregnancies. These complications include preterm birth, preeclampsia, and other issues.  

Who Can Benefit from PGT?

PGT increases the success rates of embryo transfers. While it requires extra steps in the in-vitro fertilization process, it can minimize the risk of miscarriages and failed frozen embryo transfers. 

In addition, women should note that as they age, the chance of chromosomal abnormality tends to increase. Those who are more than 35 years old may wish to discuss PGT with their fertility doctor. But, there is still a high risk of chromosomal issues in embryos among younger women. PGT is ideal for women who experienced multiple miscarriage regardless of their age. 

If you are planning to have an IVF treatment, discuss PGT with your doctor to know if they think it is right for your fertility history and goals. PGT tests your embryos for chromosomal abnormality before they are transferred into your uterus. This gives you peace of mind and increases your chances of a successful IVF treatment. When it comes to your health and the health of your future baby, you always want to make informed choices.

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During in-vitro fertilization or IVF, doctors can remove cells from parts of the embryo that will later become the placenta. The sampled cells are analyzed for abnormal chromosomes and genetic issues while the embryo is frozen. This process is known as preimplantation genetic testing (PGT). This is performed at...