Types Of Fertility Tests For Men and women
Various reasons can cause infertility in both men and women. Therefore it is vital to recognize the exact cause of infertility so that you get the proper treatment. Murray Hill infertility treatment includes various procedures like ovulation induction, IVF, intrauterine insemination, reproductive surgeries, and many more done by reproductive specialists.
Before performing an infertility test, the doctor will first do a basic evaluation, including:
- Review your and your partner’s medical history to know about any genetic disorder or health condition affecting fertility.
- Look for consumption of alcohol, tobacco, and drugs that can cause infertility.
- Understanding your sexual habits, use of birth control, and medications.
Common Fertility tests for men:
- Semen analysis – the semen sample provided will get tested in a lab. This test will indicate whether the sperms are healthy, moving, and functioning. Genetic testing of the sperm can be done to look for the presence of antibodies.
- Testing of hormones – blood samples are taken to check hormones like testosterone and other hormones.
- Check for STDs – some sexually transmitted diseases can cause infertility, like chlamydia.
- Ultrasound – transrectal and scrotum ultrasound is done to look for any defect.
- Testicular biopsy – this test is rarely done and involves the removal of small testicular tissue to check for any abnormalities in the testicle.
- Vasography – a blockage in the vas deferens is detectable with the help of vasography.
Common fertility tests for women:
- Gynaecological exam – the doctor will carry pelvic examination and other basic tests.
- Hormone testing – a blood sample is collected to test various hormones like FSH( follicle-stimulating hormone), LH (luteinizing hormone), androgen, prolactin, estradiol, thyroid hormones, progesterone, anti-mullerian hormone.
- Test for STDs
- Ultrasound – pelvic ultrasound helps to check for ovarian diseases. An ultrasound can detect polycystic ovaries, fibroids. It can check the shape of the uterus.
- Hysterosalpingography – blockages or abnormalities in the fallopian tube and uterus are checked with the help of a hysterosalpingogram(HSG). The test involves inserting a thin tube that releases a contracting dye. The dye flows in the uterus and fallopian tubes. This dye will get detected with the help of an X-ray or fluoroscopy.
- Ovarian reserve testing – is done to know the number of eggs during ovulation.
- Sonohysterogram – is a type of ultrasound test of the uterus and involves placing a sterile fluid inside the uterus to examine the uterine lining.
- Laparoscopy – In selected cases, a thin viewing tube is inserted by making a small incision in the navel and examining the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus. The test looks for scar tissue, fibroids, cysts, and infection.
- Endometrial biopsy- a rare test involving taking a tissue sample of the endometrium and examining it.